Increase in visceral adipose tissue and subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness in children with acute pancreatitis. A case-control study
MetadataShow full item record
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the development of acute pancreatitis in children and their body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) thickness. Method: This was a case-control study carried out in a tertiary hospital between October and November 2019. The diagnosis of acute pancreatitis was based on the presence of at least two of three criteria of the International Study Group of Pediatric Pancreatitis (INSPPIRE) guidelines. AC, VAT, and SAT measurements of patients and controls were performed by using a three-dimensional workstation (Aquarius 3D Workstation, TeraRecon Inc., San Mateo, Calif., USA) through cross sections of the L2 vertebra level after examining previous abdominal computerized tomography (CT) records. Results: A total of 25 patients diagnosed with acute and acute recurrent pancreatitis who underwent abdominal CT were included in the study and 38 healthy, sex- and age-matched children formed the control group. There were no differences between the patients and healthy children in terms of age, sex and BMI-for-age z-scores. Besides, measurements of WC, SAT, and VAT thickness were found to be higher in the patient group (P = 0.007, P = 0.021, P = 0.016, respectively). Conclusion: In this study, WC, VAT, and SAT were found to be thicker in children with acute pancreatitis compared with healthy children without any difference in BMI. Further studies are needed to clarify whether adipose tissue thickness is an etiological cause or a secondary finding in patients with acute pancreatitis. (C) 2020 French Society of Pediatrics. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.