Effects of sintering time on translucency and color of translucent zirconia ceramics
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Objective To investigate the effect of sintering time on translucency and color of translucent zirconia ceramics. Materials and Methods Sixty translucent zirconia (5Y-TZP) specimens (12 x 1.6 mm, Katana (KAT) and NexxZr (NEX)) were divided into six groups (n = 10) according to sintering time; 1, 2 (specified by manufacturer-control), and 3 hs. Color differences (Delta Eab) within same material when sintered using different times and between materials when same sintering time was used were calculated, as well as translucency parameters (TP) after the use of each sintering time. Data for Delta Eab and TP were analyzed with two-way ANOVAs, pairwise comparisons, and Fisher's LSD Test (Post-hoc). Results When 1 or 3 h were used, color difference from the color of specimens when manufacturer-specified time (2 h) was used was similar for both KAT and NEX. Delta Eab values of NEX were significantly higher than KAT when sintered for 1 or 3 h (P < 0.001). TP increased for KAT when sintered for 1 h, and was higher than NEX. TP for NEX increased when sintered for 3 h (P < 0.001), but was not significantly different than that of KAT. Conclusions Effect of 1 or 3-h sintering on color was similar for both zirconias. For NEX, this effect resulted in greater differences from the color of specimens when manufacturer-specified time was used. Sintering for 1 h increased the translucency of KAT. Clinical Significance When high translucency is desired, clinicians may prefer 1-h sintering for KAT zirconia. When lower translucency is desired, 3-h sintering for NEX can be used. However, for NEX, the color after 1- or 3-h sintering was different than the color obtained with manufacturer-specified time, and this difference may affect the final color of restoration compared to the final color when manufacturer-specified time is used.