The effect of cardio tennis exercises on lipid metabolism of sedentary women
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Background: It is known that regular exercises have physical, physiological, social and spiritual effects on people. In this currently performed study, it was intended to investigate the effect of regular cardio tennis exercises on lipid metabolism of middle-aged sedentary women. Methods: The sample group of this study is consisted of 30 healthy middle-aged sedentary women with a mean age of 44.40 ± 3.89. Body components of exercise group subjects were analyzed by bioelectrical impedance analyzer before the program, during mid-program (in the 5th week) and after the program (in the 10th week) and their blood samples were taken so as to determine the lipid metabolism of exercise group subjects. To fulfill this aim, depending on cardio tennis exercises carried out for 10 weeks, three days a week for one hour; body components, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), changes in the leptin and ghrelin hormone levels of middle age sedentary women have been examined. Results: As a result of the findings obtained in the research, it was identified that high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels of sedentary women who participated in the study have shown a statistically significant increase after 10 weeks (p < 0.05). Although total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) parameters were found to have decreased, it was observed that there was no statistically significant difference. Besides, it was identified that there was no statistically significant difference in the blood leptin and ghrelin hormone levels of sedentary women after 10 weeks of exercise (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Consequently, it was concluded that regularly performed cardio tennis exercises had a positive effect on body components of sedentary women while it only increased HDL-cholesterol lipid, which is included in the metabolism parameters. © 2020 Mattioli 1885. All rights reserved.