The effect of intravitreal dexamethasone implant on central foveal thickness and choroidal thickness in retinal vein occlusion
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Aim: To investigate the effect of intravitreal dexamethasone implant on central foveal thickness and choroidal thickness in retinal vein occlusion. Materials and Methods: Clinical records and optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans of 41 naïve patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO), who were initially treated with intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX) implant between 2016 and 2017 at Kocatepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology were investigated. Collected data included age and sex of the patients, crystalline lens status, baseline and final intraocular pressure, and OCT parameters including central foveal thickness and choroidal thickness. Results: Twenty-two (53.7%) female and 19 (46.3%) male patients were enrolled in the study. There were 30 phakic and 11 pseudophakic patients. The intraocular pressure increased significantly from 15.19 mmHg to 17.8 mmHg (P = 0.005), and cataract extraction was performed in two patients who developed cataract after the treatment. There was a significant decrease in the central foveal thickness from 556 ?m to 288 ?m (P < 0.001). In addition, although there was no statistically significant change in choroidal thickness in the patients with branched retinal vein occlusion (P = 0.423), the patients with central retinal vein occlusion had statistically significant decrease in choroidal thickness measurements (P = 0.049). Conclusion: Therapeutic effect of the DEX implant not only influences retinal layer. Its influence may also extend further to the choroid layer, thereby leading to decrease in the choroidal thickness. Our results were mostly similar to the results of studies in literature which investigated the effects of the DEX implant therapy on the choroidal thickness of the patients with RVO. © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.