The relationship of acne with somatosensory amplification, health anxiety, and depression levels
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CitationÖncü, I., Gürel, G., Akkoyun, A., & Akkoyun, A. Z. (2022). The Relationship of Acne With Somatosensory Amplification, Health Anxiety, and Depression Levels. Cureus, 14(12).
Objective The objective of this study is to evaluate the somatosensory amplification, as well as anxiety and depression levels in acne vulgaris (AV) patients, and to examine their relationship with disease severity. Methods Sociodemographic form, Global Acne Grading System (GAGS), Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS), Health Anxiety Inventory (HAI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were applied to the patient group. All scales, except GAGS, were also applied to the healthy controls. Results All psychiatric scale scores of acne patients were higher than those of the control group. Moreover, the patient group had significantly higher SSAS, BDI scores, HAI total scores, and subscales of hypersensitivity to somatic symptoms and anxiety compared to the healthy controls. A positive but weak correlation was found between all scale scores. In patients with AV, no correlation was found between acne severity, age, disease duration, and all scale scores. Conclusion A significant relationship was found between somatosensory amplification, depression, and health anxiety in acne patients, independent of global acne severity, age, and disease duration. More successful acne treatment and patient management will be possible with an interdisciplinary approach that includes both psychiatry and dermatology.