Comparison of gait parameters under single- and dual-task conditions between children with specific learning disorder and typically developing children
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CitationHorata, E. T., & Kundakci, Y. E. (2022). Comparison of Gait Parameters under Single-and Dual-Task Conditions between Children with Specific Learning Disorder and Typically Developing Children. Gait & Posture.
Background Children with specific learning disorder (SLD) have some cognitive and postural stability problems compared to typically developing (TD) children. Their single and dual-task gait performance may be affected depending on these problems. Research question Are there any differences between the gait parameters of children with SLD and TD under single- and dual-task conditions? Methods A comparative-descriptive study was conducted among 35 children with SLD and 33 TD children. All participants were assessed for gait parameters using a custom wireless inertial sensor under single and dual-task conditions. In the dual-task gait tests, there were the following tasks: to carry a glass of water and to tell apart the color of the paper. Results The children with SLD exhibited gait deterioration in both single and dual-task gait (p < 0.05). Dual-task cost cognitive values were higher in children with SLD (p < 0.05). Significance This study highlights the worse gait performance of children with SLD under single- and dual-task conditions compared with TD children. However, interventions for their gait impairments are limited. At this point, SLD specialists can focus on multitasking to improve their walking skills.