Effects of 3 months of treatment with empagliflozin on left ventricle global longitudinal strain and myocardial mechano-energetic effiency
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CitationDural, İ. E., Sarı, A., & Ersoy, İ. (2022). Effects of 3 months of treatment with empagliflozin on left ventricle global longitudinal strain and myocardial mechano‐energetic effiency. Echocardiography.
Purpose: Sodium glucose transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are employed in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure and coronary artery disease. In the present study, we aimed to investigate how Empagliflozin in SGLT 2 inhibitors affects cardiac contraction and pump efficiency in patients who have Diabetes Mellitus (DM) without cardiovascular disease. Methods: The conventional echocardiographic records and biochemical values of 62 patients who had DM without a history of cardiovascular disease were evaluated before using Empagliflozin. The myocardial mechano-energetic (MME) activity and index, and global longitudinal strain (GLS) were also calculated. After 3 months of Empagliflozin use, the tests were repeated and compared with previous data. A p < .05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Left ventricular GLS and MME efficiency were found to be significantly higher after treatment (-17.71 ± 2.12, -19.15 ± .71; p < .001 and 62.14 ± 18.21, 72.24 ± 26.57; p: .019). Conclusion: An increase was detected in left ventricular longitudinal strain and MME efficiency after using Empagliflozin for 3 months in patients with DM. This result suggests that Empagliflozin improves left ventricular pump efficiency and contraction.