Draba cemileae (Karaer): Phytochemical composition, antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory activity
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CitationCuce, M., Demir, E., Tepe, A. S., & Sarikurkcu, C. (2021). Draba cemileae (Karaer): Phytochemical composition, antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory activity. South African Journal of Botany.
Plant polyphenols have always attracted the attention of researchers with their excellent biological activity potentials. In this study, roots, leaves and seeds of Draba cemileae (Karaer) were evaluated for their chemical compositions and biological activities. Spectrophotometric analysis showed that phenolics and flavonoids were present in high quantities in leaf and seed extracts (22.84 mg GAEs/g and 23.32 mg REs/g, respectively). Chromatographic analysis showed that the p-hydroxybenzoic acid and chlorogenic acid contents of the extracts were significantly high. The seed extract also contained 550 mg/g of rosmarinic acid. While the leaf extract showed high activity in phosphomolybdenum, CUPRAC, FRAP and ferrous ion chelating activity tests (0.88, 2.23, 1.73 and 3.68 mg/ml, respectively), DPPH and ABTS scavenging activity tests resulted in the superiority of the seed extract (3.75 and 2.53 mg/ml, respectively). The leaf extract also showed the highest activity in α-amylase and tyrosinase inhibitory activity tests (1.78 and 4.99 mg/ml, respectively). On the other hand, the seed extract exhibited higher activity than the others in α-glucosidase, AChE and BChE inhibitory activity tests (7.14, 1.13 and 5.11 mg/ml, respectively). Correlation coefficients between the composition and the biological activities were over 0.9. It was concluded that D. cemileae could be a new and effective source of antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory phytochemicals in medicine, food and cosmetics industries.